conquer Infertility – Testicle Causes of Infertility
As we mentioned in past articles, infertility is defined as inability of a associate to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse or carry the pregnancy to term. It effects over 5 millions associate alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of unawareness of treatments, only 10% seeks help from specialized specialist. In this article, we will discuss the testicle causes of infertility.
Testicle which is a sex and endocrine gland that produces sperm and male sex hormones, including the steroid testosterone.
II. Testicle causes of infertility
1. Testicular torsion
Testicle torsion is defined as damaging the spermatic cord that interferes with blood canal which transport blood to the testicles.
2. Testicle feminization
It is caused by enzymatic defect. Men with testicle feminization look like a women have both X any Y chromosomes but fail to response to the male hormone testosterone.
3. dominant testicular failure
The genetic defect that causes malformation of testicles leading to abnormal sperm production resulting in testosterone deficiency and inability to egg fertilizing.
4. Secondary testicular failure
testicle damage caused by exposure to ecosystem toxins, drugs and medication side effects orvaricocele leading to abnormal production of sperm and increasing the risk of infertility.
Orchitis is a disease caused by bacteria and virus which infects the men one or both testicles. It may rule to infertility if not treat early.
Epipadas is a kind of abnormal formation of the penis at birth in which the urethra ends in an opening on the upper aspect of the penis. Men with epipadas have normal sperm production, but the ejaculating is retrograde that interferes with sexual erection and leading to infertility.
Epididymitis is defined as inflammation of epididumis caused by bacteria, sexual transmitting diseases and urinary tract infection leading to infertility if infection spread to testicles.
8. Epididymal obstruction
Epididymis is a tiny tube which attaches to the testicle. Epididymals obstruction is defined as the blockage of the passage of sperm to penis leading to low sperm count and increases the risk of infertility.